Ketamine is a rapid acting anesthetic drug used mainly by veterinarians and sometimes in human surgery. It is also known as a dissociative anesthetic because it can make a person feel a sense of detachment, as if their mind is separated from their body.
Commercial ketamine is a liquid. The street drug is usually sold as a powder. For abuse purposes, the powder may be dissolved in a liquid, snorted, or smoked in a cigarette. Liquid ketamine is sometimes injected into a muscle. Injecting it in a vein causes rapid loss of consciousness. Keta dissolves in liquid and it is odourless and tasteless, allowing it to be slipped into drinks. Its sedative effects have been used to prevent victims from resisting sexual assault. For this reason, it can be referred to as a “date rape” drug.
Keta is classified as a Schedule III controlled substance however, the strong effects of Ketamine has made it attractive for recreational drug users. Teens and young adults make up the majority of individuals who use the drug illegally.
Small doses make you feel floaty, dreamy and trippy. Larger doses can give you powerful hallucinations. You may feel that you have entered another level of consciousness or crossed into another world. It is quite a supernatural feeling. People say that they go into the ‘K-hole’.
You can get black outs. You might be unable to move, walk or talk and yet you feel fully awake. This can be very frightening. The effects of the drug may last between 1 to 6 hours and may not completely wear off for 24-48 hours.
Short term effects of ketamine
Ketamine can cause dream-like states and hallucinations. Users report sensations ranging from a pleasant feeling of floating to being separated from their bodies. Some ketamine experiences involve a terrifying feeling of almost complete sensory detachment that is likened to a near-death experience. These experiences, similar to a “bad trip” on LSD, are called the “K-hole.”
Low-dose intoxication from keta results in impaired attention learning ability, and memory .In high doses, the drug can cause delirium, amnesia, impaired motor function, high blood pressure, depression, and potentially fatal respiratory problems.
Ketamine Long Term Effects
Recent studies and case reports have linked ketamine abuse to urinary tract and bladder problems such as difficult or painful urination, frequent/urgent urination, incontinence and severe bladder inflammation. In some cases, the damage has been irreversible. It is unclear how dose and duration of use affect the severity of these symptoms. Abdominal pain or ‘K cramps’ have been reported by many long-term users.
With regular or large doses, ketamine can make existing mental health problems worse, and can cause feelings of confusion, panic attacks and depression
- While low doses of Keta can increase heart-rate, at higher doses it depresses consciousness and breathing and is extremely dangerous to combine with downers like alcohol, Valium or GHB.
- Frequent use can cause disruptions in consciousness and lead to neuroses or other mental disorders.
- This drug can cause a tremendous psychological dependence. The dissociation from one’s consciousness experienced with keta can be highly seductive to some people, and there are many cases of ketamine addiction.
- Ketamine is illegal and possession can result in long prison terms.